Monday, April 23, 2018

1) Mama Yosepha Met Pacific’s Catholic Church Leaders

2) Writer links recent transmigrants to Papua conflict
3) Oil Palm Plantation Seizes Indigenous’ Rights to Land and Education

1) Mama Yosepha Met Pacific’s Catholic Church Leaders
Mama Yosepha Alomang, Markus Haluk, and the interpreter were talking to Cardinal Ribat and Cardinal Mafi – Jubi
Jayapura, Jubi – After the closing of the Federation of Bishops’ Conferences of Oceania that held in Port Moresby from 12 to 16 April 2018, Mama Yosepha Alomang met two Pacific Catholic Church leaders: the Archbishop of Port Moresby Cardinal John Ribat, and the Archbishop of Tonga Cardinal Soane Patita Paini Mafi, on 17 April 2018. Mama Yosepha accompanied by a Papuan Catholic figure Markus Haluk during the meeting.
In the meeting, she gave the Cardinals two noken (Papua’s traditional bag) of the morning star and Papuan motives to express a message of natural resources deprivation that leads to the human rights violations and religious and moral degradation. She entrusted her message to both cardinals for the World’s Catholic Church Leader the Pope Francis in the Vatican.
“I am hanging these bones on the shoulders of Cardinal John and Cardinal Mafi who are the representatives of the Holy Father Pope Francis,” said Mama Yosepha while hanging the nokens to the necks of both cardinals.
She believed that the Catholic Church leaders, especially the Pope Francis, must speak about the death occurred in West Papuans due to the repression of the Indonesian Government. She told the Cardinals that the murders still continue to prevent self-determination as well as to exploit the natural resources. “They keep arresting and murdering us because of the picture of the morning star in this noken,” she said.
She further said the Catholic Church leaders in Pacific and the world should speak up to protect the life and nature of Papuans. Praying and doing a real action should be urgent for the church at the moment. “If the Pope does not pray for us, Papuans, we must be dead. The church is our support and last hope. You must take care of us,” she hoped.
Meanwhile, Markus Haluk, who accompanied Mama Yosepha and also the Head of the ULMWP Coordination Office in West Papua, said he appreciated her tireless spirit and struggle. “Mama Yosepha handed over the nokens and her message to Cardinal Mafi and Cardinal John with a stammered and teary voice,” he said.
In separated place, Dominikus Surabut, the chairman-elect of the Papuan Customary Council, said the Catholic Church should listen to the voice of Papuan people. Papuans have waited so long for a protective prophetic voice. Papuans have waited so long for a protective prophetic voice. “The church has long been silent. Therefore the Catholic Church in Pacific should open the silent door of the Catholic Church in Papua, Indonesia,” he told the reporter on Thursday (19/4/2018) in Expo Waena, Jayapura City Papua. (*)
Reporter: Benny Mawel
Editor: Pipit Maizier 

2) Writer links recent transmigrants to Papua conflict
2:19 pm today 

Aprila Wayar this month published her third novel, Sentuh Papua, which covered human rights issues and the effects of Indonesian transmigration in Papua.
Transmigration refers to movement of landless people from densely populated areas of Indonesia to less populous parts of the country.
Ms Wayar, a former journalist, said that after Indonesia took over Papua in the 1960s, early migrants settled relatively smoothly.
But those who came since 2001 when Papua gained Special Autonomy Status were a different story, she said.
"They tried to make many conflicts then between native Papuans and Indonesian people. For me, it's heartbreaking because we have a good life before when the first transmigrasi," Ms Wayar said.
"But after that everything disappears, and people not know each other, they make sectarian violence."
Statistics released last year by Indonesia's Statistics Office showed that the proportion of Papuan people as a percentage of Papua region's population was declining and that they were on track to being a minority in coming years.
However, Indonesia's government denied claims that transmigration patterns created conflict and marginalised the indigenous Melanesians of Papua.
It said people in Indonesia were free to move around, and that transmigration helped with a transfer of knowledge from migrants to Papua which in turn assisted with development outcomes.
Ms Wayar's claim came as a newly compiled analysis on data from Indonesia's National Violence Monitoring System showed Papua was the most violent province in Indonesia.
In 2014, the most recent year for which the System's data was available, five percent of the country's reported violent deaths were in Papua province (151 out of 2,943).
This was despite Papua province, with its population of around three million, being only a little over one per cent of Indonesia's overall population of around 265 million.
The analysis, 'Violent Death in Indonesian Papua', found that the leading cause of homicide in Papua was crime. Deaths linked to "separatism" came second.
It found that between 2010 and 2014, violent incidents initiated by so-called separatist groups resulted in more deaths than the actions of Indonesian security forces.
However, a higher proportion of the victims in killings and injuries caused by security forces were civillians, whereas victims in separatists' attacks tended to be security forces.
The analysis included fear and mistrust between Papuans and migrants as a factor behind some of the trends of violence, and identified disputes over land as a leading cause of violent deaths in Papua.

Meanwhile, Ms Wayar's novel, which was published in Bahasa Indonesian language, was written from the perspective of a foreign journalist in Papua and was based on a true story.
"I became the fixer of him, and for me as a novelist it's a very interesting story because it gives me a lot of new perspective about Papua," she explained.
"He understands Papua's story better than me as a Papuan. Because he's from the Netherlands and he knows about Papuan history.
"But there's a little bit of distance between new generation of Papuans now and the history. Because, when the first generation of Papuans fled Papua in the beginning of the 1960s until 1984, they also took the Papuan history with them.”
3) Oil Palm Plantation Seizes Indigenous’ Rights to Land and Education
Jayapura, Jubi – A Papuan legislator Maria Elizabet Kaize said the oil palm investments, especially in the southern region of Papua, have seized the indigenous peoples’ lands and corrupted the education of young Papuans.
Maria Kaize, a native woman from Anim Ha customary area, said oil palm plantations give a negative impact on the indigenous children’s education in the district of Merauke, Boven Digoel and surrounding areas because the school-age Papuans prefer to follow their parents than going to school.
“It is true that the awareness among the school-aged Papuan children, especially in southern areas, for schooling needs to be improved. Many of them prefer to follow their parents in the forest,” Maria Kaize answered some questions from Jubi on Thursday (19/04/2018).
She took Bio area of Boven Digoel District as an example. In this area, many school-aged children join their parents as palm oil workers. Her sister, who is a local teacher, told her about this information.  She further said that the similar thing also happened Genyem and Lereh, Jayapura District, when the oil palm companies just operated in those areas.
“According to a teacher from Genyem whom I met some time ago, they went to the oil palm plantation for looking the children. Maybe this method can be used in some districts in the southern Papua. However, it needs support from the government, customary and church leaders as well as the community,” she said.
When meeting with Hilal Elver, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, a local leader from Keerom, Servius Servo said the transition of community land to oil palm plantation harmed the local people because it rated very cheap.  In fact, in some cases, they changed it with sugar and salt.
“Besides for oil palm plantations, community and sago forests mostly used for road construction and government infrastructure,” Servius said. (*)
Reporter: Arjuna Pademme
Editor: Pipit Maizier

Sunday, April 22, 2018

1) Papuan uses foreign perspective in book about homeland

2) Statement by the Executive-Director of the LP3BH
1) Papuan uses foreign perspective in book about homeland
From 4:02 am today 
A former West Papuan journalist has recently finished a novel that highlights on human rights issues in Indonesia's Papua region.
Aprila Wayar's third novel, 'Sentuh Papua', which translates in English as 'Touching Papua', is written from the perspective of a foreign journalist in Papua.
Ms Wayar says the book, which is written in Bahasa, uses an informed outsider's perspective to offer new generations of Papuans an insight on the often overlooked history of their homeland.
She spoke to Johnny Blades and began by telling him about the difficulties she faced working as a journalist in Papua.

             West Papuan novelist, and former journalist, Aprila Wayar. Photo: Supplied
Via reg.westpapua list
2) Statement by the Executive-Director of the LP3BH
  As the year 2025 approaches, I wish to draw attention to the fact that the provisions of Article 34 points (3) nos b and 4
regarding  funds for the Special Autonomy Law for West Papua will come to an end, after having been in force for 25 years.

    This means that in accordance with point 5 which states that in the year 2026, the provisions of funds will be reduced by 50%.

    As a human rights activist and Executive-Director of the Institute for Research, Investigation and Development of Human Rights,
Manokwari, I call on the Governor of the Province of West Papua  and Papua  as well as the People's Representative Council  to immediately
undertake an investigation into the implementation of Articles 77 and 78 of Law No 21, 2001.

   This investigation should be undertaken by convening the Council of Development for the two above-mentioned soon as
possible. The investigation should involve not only the regional organisations (OPD) but also representatives of the Traditional Papuan
People (OAP), in accordance with the provisions of Article 1 of the Special Autonomy Law . Moreover, it should include representatives of
religious organisations, of academicians, students as well as the Papuan youth..

    The agenda of such an investigation would be a critically-important occasion for the degree to which the Traditional
Papuan people have experienced the true meaning of the implementation of the provisions of the Special Autonomy Law over the past twenty
years, since it was enacted..It would also provide an opportunity for the Traditional Papuan People to being recognised by the State and
lawfully acknowledged as sharing a role of be involved at every stage of the investigation to safeguard the process from manipulations from
whatever side, including from the State.

    Such an investigation would be an important milestone to reconstruct the 'political contract' between the Traditional Papuan
People as citizens of Indonesia. This would also include a fundamental evaluation of the Special Autonomy Law and its implementation
throughout the Land of Papua.


Yan Christian Warinussy, Executive-Director of LP3BH Manokwari, Recipient of the John Humphrey Freedom Award 2005, Montreal, Canada
and member of  the Human Rights Commission, Recipient of the John Humphreys Award 2205,in Montreal Canada,

Translated by Carmel Budiardjo, Recipient of the Right Livelihood
Award, Stockholm, 1995

Friday, April 20, 2018

1) Papuan students in Australia ask Military to release Waa villagers

2) Economic, Social and Cultural Issues Attract the United Nations, National Commission for Human Rights Says 
3) Papuan women traders disappointed not meeting Jokowi

4) Papuan Film Festival II Sets Theme on Indigenous People

5) Government Put Rice on Priority Rather than Papuan Local Food
6) Regent’s House Burns Down, Form of Public Resentment, says Legislator
7) Solidarity for PNG earthquake collects Rp 40 million

1) Papuan students in Australia ask Military to release Waa villagers
Araminus Omaleng, Samson Omabak and Felix Degei; Papuan students from Kampung Waa studying in Autralia. – IST

Paniai, Jubi – Students from Kampung Waa, Tembagapura Sub-district, who are currently studying in Australia request the Indonesian Military and Police officers to release the arrested villagers. They argued that those people are civilians and have no connection with the separatist movement.
“The Waa villagers who have been captured by the Indonesian Military since April 1st are ordinary people,” Felix Degei, a student studying in Australia, told Jubi on Thursday (14/3/2018).
Degei, who is also an alumnus of the University of Cenderewasih, stated that the military must also declare that a 45-year-old civil servant, the late Timothy Ombak; a 10-year-old Heri Banal; and a 9-year-old Iron Omabak are innocent civilians who are victims of military operations.
Another student Araminus Omaleng said the military should make both oral and written announcement stating that Waa villagers can do their daily activities without any suspicion.
“Kampung Waa is the ancestral land of the Amungme people. Therefore, the military has to stop threatening the local community,” he said.
Moreover, he asked PT. Freeport Indonesia and Indonesian Military to be responsible for providing compensation to all facilities that have been damaged and burned in the military operations.
Kampung Waa comprises four villages located near the mining area of PT. Freeport Indonesia in Tembagapura Sub-district, Papua. (*)
Reporter: Abeth You
Editor: Pipit Maizier


2) Economic, Social and Cultural Issues Attract the United Nations, National Commission for Human Rights Says 
Demonstration at the Papua parliament office urged the government to resolve human rights issues in Papua – Jubi / Arjuna.

Jayapura, Jubi – Chief Papua Representative Office of the National Commission for Human Rights (Komnas HAM), Frits Ramandey, said that human rights issues in Papua are not only about violence but economic, social, cultural and political as well. Further, he said these issues are more considerate than a violence-related human rights issue.
“Just like the problems of poverty, health, and education, the economic, social and cultural issues tend to attract the attention of the United Nations more than the violence-related human rights issues, because this illustrates a series of government’s vulnerability, omission and negligence. Therefore, it needs an intervention,” he told Jubi on Saturday (14/4/2018). Moreover, he said, the violence-related human rights issue is relatively easy to turn into the issue of crimes.
Regarding the visit of the UN Envoy to Indonesia, he also wants to ensure that several reports submitted by Komnas HAM, local partner agencies and NGOs who always get opportunities to deliver a comparison report obtained the same attention from the UN.  “The UN is obliged to ensure it: making an integrated effort,” he said.
The UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, Mr Hilal Elver, has been in Indonesia from April 9th to April 18th, 2018. During the meeting with Mr Elver on April 9th, 2018, the Indonesian Minister of Agriculture, Amran Sulaiman conveyed that the Government of Indonesia determined for not being dictated by the European Union because Indonesia has a standard in the agricultural industry. Further, he called on the UN to react to the black campaign on oil palm plantations in Indonesia that rose by member states of the European Union. The UN is expected to merely not seeing this issue from the side of deforestation, but also from the community welfare.
On April 10th, 2018, Mr Elver visited Komnas HAM office to find out more information about the fulfillment of the right to food in Indonesia. Komnas HAM Vice Chairman, Ms Sandrayati Moniaga said from the aspect of health access, the Commission highlights the case of malnutrition and child mortality in Asmat District, Papua, since September 2017. Komnas HAM views that this case was emerged because of some factors, including poor health facilities, culture and poor sanitation,” said Moniaga. While in term of food access, she said the factors are including stagnant food production, small-scale farm ownership, the extent of land conversion, and population growth. (*)
Reporter: Arjuna Pademme
Editor: Pipit Maizier

3) Papuan women traders disappointed not meeting Jokowi
Jayapura, Jubi – Papuan women traders on the second and third floors of ‘Pasar Mama-Mama Papua (the traditional market for Papuan women)’ in Jayapura City were disappointed not meeting the Indonesian President Joko Widodo during his visit to this local market.
Mrs Nelly Pekey, a ‘noken’ seller, was upset because the president and the first lady only visited and went around the first floor.  “We don’t expect Mr President to buy our products. We only want to meet him face-to-face and shake his hand, because it can make us happy and motivated,” she said on Friday (13/4/2018).
We even left our children at home for the entire day for a chance meeting and thanking him, she added. She was also upset her goods such as vegetables, fish and raw chickens damaged because buyers were not allowed to come during the president’s visit.
The Chairwoman of Papua Gemstone Association, Doliana Yakadewa said she and other traders from the first to third floors have been waiting for the president since the morning to 16:00 Papua time. “(the market) is only for a President Jokowi’s visit. Not eat, drink or sale is allowed because the market has sterilised since the morning. So buyers are not allowed to come buying our goods,” she said. (*)
Reporter: Aguz Pabika
Editor: Pipit Maizier


4) Papuan Film Festival II Sets Theme on Indigenous People
Jayapura, Jubi – Papuan Voices sets the theme on ‘Indigenous People in the midst of modernisation’ in Papuan Film Festival II. This theme is to clarify the current situation of indigenous Papuans in the midst of progressive development and investment in the land of Papua.
“We select this theme as a response to the current situation occurred in Papua,” said the Chairman Committee of Papuan Film Festival II, Harun Rumbrar in a press conference held on Tuesday (17/4/2018).
The film festival will be held in Jayapura City from August 7 to August 9, 2018, with the same agenda as the previous event. “We will also conduct Papuan Voices Conference and evaluate our program,” he added.
He also mentioned that such theme in Papuan Film Festival is aimed to introduce the life of Papuan indigenous community as well as to promote public awareness of their problems. Moreover, this film festival is also to encourage and support young and skilful filmmakers in producing and distributing documentary films. “It is also an event to strengthen the filmmakers’ networks in Papua,” he said.
Documentary films received from contestants are mostly on the issues of Papuan forest and the life of indigenous Papuans.
Meanwhile, the Secretary Committee of Papuan Film Festival II, Bernard Koten said Papuan Voices already run their program in four districts, namely Merauke, Wamena, Sorong and Raja Ampat. It would continue its program to Keerom and Saireri (Biak).
 “To promote this event, we do some publications on mass media, social media, banner, and leaflets,” said Koten (*)
Reporter: Hengky Yeimo
Editor: Pipit Maizier

5) Government Put Rice on Priority Rather than Papuan Local Food

Jayapura, Jubi – Anthropology lecturer at the University of Cendrawasih, Jack Morin said that the government’s investment and programs are some factors in eliminating Papuan staple food.
According to him, the distribution of Rastra (rice for poor), village funds and other development programs affect the activity of indigenous Papuans in rural areas. As a result, people are less concerned about the existence of their local food. Moreover, oil palm plantations, mining areas, and other business investment have affected the availability of agriculture lands; he told Jubi on Wednesday (18/4/2018).
It is worrying, he added, this condition would lead to the problem of food security. The government has an important role to ensure that local food continues to be dominant in the community because it has everything: power, money and knowledge. With human resources it has, the government should be able to maintain the existence of local food in each region.
“It is necessary to encourage both governor and regents to be aware concerning this matter,” he said. However, he also reminds the community to be aware of their land and the potential of their local food. “Do not be consumed by investment or government’s policy;  people should maintain the sustainability of local food,” he said.
The Head of Agricultural and Horticultural Agency of Papua Province, Semuel Siriwa said the Papua Provincial Government concern about local food development. It already stipulates a policy requiring all government agencies to serve local food in meetings or events. He said this governor’s instruction is part of government’s efforts to develop food security.
“This instruction should be implemented by all government agencies. Economically, it will increase income, as well as the stability of local food security. If it occurs, farmers will be more motivated because the market is ready,” said Siriwa
The Head of the Food Security and Coordination Agency for Provincial Representative Office of Papua, Roberth Eddy Purwoko said his office would further improve local food development programs, ranging from home-scale plantation such as a home garden that can provide sustainable food.  “Local food would certainly reduce demands on food supplies from other regions,” he said. (*)
Reporter: Arjuna Pademme
Editor: Pipit Maizier
6) Regent’s House Burns Down, Form of Public Resentment, says Legislator

Jayapura, Jubi – Chairman of the Golkar faction of the Papua House of Representatives, Ignatius W Mimin said that people’s action in burning the private house of the Regent of Pegunungan Bintang (Pegubin), Costan Otekma, on Thursday (12/4/2018) was a spontaneous act and a form of public resentment against the regent.
He further said people told him that the masses did not only burn the Regent’s house but also blocked the regent’s office, the local parliament’s office and the airport as well. “This act disturbed the local government’s activities. Currently, people ask for a new regent. The central and provincial governments must answer this question,” said Mimin on Thursday (12/4/2018).
As long as this question is still in the queue, he said, the masses are going to block the regent’s office. Therefore, he met the Papua Police Deputy to report this incident. Moreover, he reminded the regent to not running away from his responsibility. The regent should meet and talk to the people asking for their aspiration. “As a native Pegubin, I won’t remain silent. There is a story behind this act; why has it happened in the second year of the current government; during the celebration of the 15th anniversary of Pegunungan Bintang District,” he said.
He also encouraged the police for not only investigating the perpetrators but also finding the reasons behind it. “It should not be the police, but the provincial government also need to look down. I don’t want my district government stuck,” he said.
Meanwhile, the Head of Public Relations of Papua Police, Senior Police Commissionaire A.M. Kamal said the act of masses allegedly happened because people were disappointed when finding there was no food served during the celebration of the 15th regional anniversary.
“People might also be angry because there wasn’t a door prize event as promised,” said Kamal. (*)
Reporter: Arjuna Pademme
Editor: Pipit Maizier
7) Solidarity for PNG earthquake collects Rp 40 million
Jayapura, Jubi – West Papua Solidarity for the victims of the earthquake in Papua New Guinea collected Rp 40 million and 520 thousand during fundraising held from March 15 to April 15, 2018.  Donators are individual, churches, mosques as well as other interfaith organisations. Despite cash, people also donate their wearable clothes, stated the Coordinator Samuel Awom in a press conference held at the Taburia Dormitory in Padang Bulan on Tuesday (17/4/18).
“This collected money will be sent directly to our friends in Vanimo.” The fundraising held in any part of Jayapura City, including Jayapura, Abepura, Sentani and Youtefa traditional market.
Meanwhile, the Secretary Kris Dogopia said this was an act of humanitarian solidarity without any political interests. 
“We want to give a good example to Papuan people of helping others because solidarity is universal. And this is purely solidarity for humanity,” said Dogopia. (*)
Reporter: Aguz Pabika
Editor: Pipit Maizier

Thursday, April 19, 2018

1) Indonesia military put Aroanop under control

2) Freeport open pit mine to stop in 2019

1) Indonesia military put Aroanop under control 
A number of teachers who successfully evacuated by TNI from Aroanop, Tembagapura District, embraced their relatives upon arrival in Timika, Mimika, Papua, Thursday (19/4/2018). (ANTARA PHOTO/Jeremias Rahadat)

Timika, Papua (ANTARA News) - The Indonesian Army has taken back Aroanop village in Papua from armed criminal groups respectively led by Joni Botak and Sabinus Waker, according to Colonel Frits Pelamonia, commander of the integrated task force armed criminal groups (KKSB).

"Aroanop is safe and under control. We from the Indonesian Defense Forces (TNI) have taken control of it since 5:30 a.m. local time. My striking forces, four teams, have secured the vllage, and we have cleared it of," Pelamonia said here, Thursday.

The armed criminal groups had controlled Aoranop after being pushed backed by TNI from Banti kampong in Tembagapura sub-district, Mimika District, Papua Province.

In Aoranop, the groups persecuted and seized belongings of nine elementary school teachers on April 13. One teacher was reportedly raped by three members of the groups.

"We have gathered local residents and I gave them some guidance and convinced them that Aroanop comprising six kampongs, is under control and local people could resume their normal activities," he said.

He said his officers would chase the criminals believed to have fled to Jagamin kampong. One group has ten members, and another has five to six members.

"Jagamin is one of their routes to escape, so we chase them. Our main task is to evacuate (several teachers), so we have to secure hilly areas to be used as evacuation route," he said.

The Army on Thursday managed to evacuate 13 teachers mostly women, from Aroanop by two helicopters.

A teacher of an elementary school in Arwanop was gang-raped by three members of armed criminal group (KKB) on April 12, 2018.

The victim identified by her initial as MM fell unconscious after being raped by the three men, and later she gained her consciousness but was traumatized, Senior Commissioner Ahmad Kamal, spokesman of the Papua Provincial Police, said here Sunday.

Armed criminal groups in Papua have frequently shoot police officers and kidnapped people.

In November 2017, some 1,300 people, comprising of over 850 indigenous Papuans and 346 migrant workers, had been held hostages by an armed criminal group (KKB) in several villages in Tembagapura for about three weeks.

reported by Jeremias Rahadat
Editor: Heru Purwanto

2) Freeport open pit mine to stop in 2019
6:19 pm on 19 April 2018 

                                           Freeport's Grasberg mine in Papua, Indonesia. Photo: AFP
The management of the mining company Freeport Indonesia says it will close the operation of its open-pit gold mine in Papua next year.
An Executive Vice President of PT Freeport Indonesia, Sony Prasetyo, says that production of the mine in Papua's Mimika regency would wind down as 2019 approaches.
Indonesia's Tempo news outlet reports that exploitation of the gold resource will not be able to be sustained in the open-pit mine.
He says the only way Freeport can continue its operations at the Papua Grasberg deposit is ongoing underground mining.
But he indicated that issues around operating permits would need to be resolved before that underground operations can be extended.
Sony says closing the open-pit mine will affect revenue, but is reluctant to confirm whether there will be staff layoffs.
Freeport currently has three mining operations at grasberg: the open pit, the Deep Ore Zone underground mine, and the Big Gossan underground mine.